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Temple "candi" in Indonesia

Borobudur temple
Borobudur Temple (Candi Borobudur)
"Candi" is an Indonesian word, it is pronounced CHANDY with the "a" pronounced as in "father". It indicates the many stone monuments from Indonesia's classical period, of which the remains are still found today, particularly in Java, Sumatra and Bali. The word Candi is not found in any other language. The Hindu monuments in Indonesia were built by previous rulers in the Hindu time or by their descendants in honor of their ancestors. Statues of Brahma, Shiva, Vishnu, Agastya, Dhurga and replicas of the god head in the Hindu religion placed in the candis are, most likely the duplicates of the heads of the former rulers, placed on the bodies of the godhead statues. In some cases the historical identity of the ruler is inscribed on a stone of the Candi. In contrast, Buddhist sanctuaries were built as an act of faith and in order to gain merit. It is worth noting that Buddhism displayed on the monuments of Central Java is the Mahayana Buddhism. This denominations is largely embraced by the Indonesian Buddhists today, in contrast with the older Hinayana Buddhism worshipped in Burma and Thailand. However, Hinayana Buddhism was worshipped by a part of the people in Sumatra in the 7th century. The great Buddhist edifices of Java are all connected with the names of Shailendra kings, whose history is still imperfectly known. As of the 10th century AD Hinduism and Buddhism in Indonesia were each influenced one by the other and by earlier indigenous beliefs. It went to such an extent that it is anthropologically mom correct to speak of Hindu. Buddhist, rather than Hindu or Buddhist sanctuaries when referring to Those ancient monuments. In the Third Five-Year Development Plan period efforts have been made in safeguarding, maintaining and protecting historical monuments and relics covering 1,460 sites. Apart from that, two fortresses, 10 old cemeteries, 10 traditional houses, four historical buildings, six castles, one temple, 11 mosques, one megalithic complex, one prehistoric garden, one Javanese palace (kraton) and one church have been restored. Restoration of archaeological remains in 1985/1986 was carried out to confirm activities conducted in the previous year.
Prambanan Temple
Prambanan temple (Candi Prambanan)
The works covered con. servation endeavors of the Borobudur Historical heritage in Central Java, the Candi Muara Takus and Candi Muara Jambi in Sumatra, the Prambanan Hindu Temple, Candi Sewu and Cavil Ratu Boko in Central Java. Repair.work was also done to the Demak Mosque in Central Java, the Raya Mosque in Aceh. Purba Mosque in North Sumatra. the Bonjol Mosque in West Sumatra. the Syuhada Mosque in South Kalimantan, the Kyai Gede Mosque in Central Kalimantan. the Kebon Jeruk Mosque in Jakarta, one old church, the Blenduk Church in Semarang Central Java. the Immanuel Church in Jakarta and the Besakih Hindu Temple in Bali. Endeavors to safeguard and maintain historic and ancient buildings include those of five fortresses, namely the Vredesburg Fortress in South-east Sulawesi, the Oranje Fortress in North Sumatra, and Duurstede Fortress in Saparua — the Moluccas. There are also the traditional houses, "lamb" in West Sumatra, "bawomatalua" in Nias, North Sumatra, "bahari" in South Sumatra and "buntoi" in Central Kalimantan, and the Lima Laras Bakkara and Pagaruyung palaces in West Sumatra, the Gunung Tabur Kraton (palace) in East Kalimantan and the Mini Palace in Banda Island-the Moluccas. In addition to the rehabilitation of Muslim cemeteries and the Hindu temples of Besakih and Mangening in Bali and Taman Ayun in West Nusatenggara, some 1,564 historic relics throughout Indonesia have been preserved and restored including the Borobudur Temple in Central Java.of which the restora-tion was completed in February 1983 with the assistance of UNESCO. Efforts to carry out the program of archaeology, history and museum in 1987/88 cover the safeguarding and maintenance of six kinds of collec-tions in 26 provinces; maintenance of 358 units of collections; training for 2,640 museum technicians: exhibition design of 3.190 square m: and building maintenance of 9,130 square m. In addition, 603 units of documentation collection had been stored. 
Restoration of archaeological remains in the 27 provinces in 1987/88 included two mosques, five churches, eight temples, two "kraton" palaces, one museum, six cemeteries, four megalithic complexes, one Hindu temple, one traditional house, and 458 sites of historical remains. 

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